Mick Kalber was willing to stick his neck out—literally—to offer a glimpse into Hawaii’s explosive landscape. I’m struck by the visual variety of the flows (seemingly crunchy, creamy, crusted, and more):
The Volcano Goddess Pele is continually erupting hot liquid rock into the channelized rivers leading to the Pacific Ocean. Most of the fountaining activity is still confined within the nearly 200-foot high spatter cone she has built around that eruptive vent. Her fiery fountains send 6-9 million cubic meters of lava downslope every day… a volume difficult to even wrap your mind around!